Minitab (SQC and DOE)

Assignment – Statistical Quality Control

In this assignment, student will learn how to use Minitab in solving process variation by creating R chart, S chart, and X-bar chart. To understand concepts of process control chart, go to Unit Two/Supplement, folder “Minitab”, and read the handouts.

Some of this variation is due to a wide variety of causes that are inherent to the process like natural variation in the process.  These causes are called common causes or chance causes. When common causes are the only source of variation, the process is said to be in a state of statistical control, or in control.  These could be machines that are malfunctioning, operator error, fluctuations in ambient conditions, and variations in the properties of raw materials. These factors are called special causes or assignable causes. Special causes generally produce a higher level of variability than do common causes, this variability is considered unacceptable. When a process is operating in the presence of one or more special factors, it is said to be out of statistical control (Navidi, 2008).

Problem:  Control chart for variables

The quality engineer in charge of a salt packaging process is concerned about the moisture content in packages of salts. Assume that five packages of salt are sampled every 15 minutes for eight hours (a total of 32 samples), and that the moisture content in each package is measured as a percentage of total weight. The data are presented below:

Sample Sample Values       Mean (x) Range SD (s)
1 2.53 2.66 1.88 2.21 2.26 2.308 0.78 0.303
2 2.69 2.38 2.34 2.47 2.61 2.498 0.35 0.149
3 2.67 2.23 2.1 2.43 2.54 2.394 0.57 0.230
4 2.1 2.26 2.51 2.58 2.28 2.346 0.48 0.196
5 2.64 2.42 2.56 2.51 2.36 2.498 0.28 0.111
6 2.64 1.63 2.95 2.12 2.67 2.402 1.32 0.525
7 2.58 2.69 3.01 3.01 2.23 2.704 0.78 0.327
8 2.31 2.39 2.6 2.4 2.46 2.432 0.29 0.108
9 3.03 2.68 2.27 2.54 2.63 2.63 0.76 0.274
10 2.86 3.22 2.72 3.09 2.48 2.874 0.74 0.294
11 2.71 2.8 3.09 2.6 3.39 2.918 0.79 0.320
12 2.95 3.54 2.59 3.31 2.87 3.052 0.95 0.375
13 3.14 2.84 3.77 2.8 3.22 3.154 0.97 0.390
14 2.85 3.29 3.25 3.35 3.59 3.266 0.74 0.267
15 2.82 3.71 3.36 2.95 3.37 3.242 0.89 0.358
16 3.17 3.07 3.14 3.63 3.7 3.342 0.63 0.298
17 2.81 3.21 2.95 3.04 2.85 2.972 0.4 0.160
18 2.99 2.65 2.79 2.8 2.95 2.836 0.34 0.137
19 3.11 2.74 2.59 3.01 3.03 2.896 0.52 0.221
20 2.83 2.74 3.03 2.68 2.49 2.754 0.54 0.198
21 2.76 2.85 2.59 2.23 2.87 2.66 0.64 0.265
22 2.54 2.63 2.32 2.48 2.93 2.58 0.61 0.226
23 2.27 2.54 2.82 2.11 2.69 2.486 0.71 0.293
24 2.4 2.62 2.84 2.5 2.51 2.574 0.44 0.168
25 2.41 2.72 2.29 2.35 2.63 2.48 0.43 0.186
26 2.4 2.33 2.4 2.02 2.43 2.316 0.41 0.169
27 2.56 2.47 2.11 2.43 2.85 2.484 0.74 0.266
28 2.21 2.61 2.59 2.24 2.34 2.398 0.4 0.191
29 2.56 2.26 1.95 2.26 2.4 2.286 0.61 0.225
30 2.42 2.37 2.13 2.09 2.41 2.284 0.33 0.161
31 2.62 2.11 2.47 2.27 2.49 2.392 0.51 0.201
32 2.21 2.15 2.18 2.59 2.61 2.348 0.46 0.231

 

Using Minitab to perform R chart, S chart, and X-bar chart, and answer the following questions:

  1. Creating R chart with UCL, R-bar, and LCL
  2. Creating s chart with UCL, R-bar, and LCL
  3. From the above R chart and s chart, which sample is a signal of outside of the control limit? What should be a next step? Explain
  4. After deleting the out-of-control sample, re-compute the control limits and create a new R chart, s chart, and X-bar chart
  5. From the X-bar chart, explain the chart, if the process is not in control, what should be a next step?

Submit your assignment in Word Document as a file attachment in Discussion Board, under forum “Assignment Four- SQC”. The final product will include answers of these 5 questions and diagrams from Minitab.

Note:

To create R chart, S chart, X-bar chart in Minitab, follow these steps

  1. Open the data file (attached with this assignment), Assn-SQC
  2. Choose Stat > Control Chart > Variable chart for subgroup
  3. To work on R chart, move cursor down and select “R”
  4. In a box, click (then you will see the cursor), then click on the data set (C2), click on “select”
  5. In Subgroup sizes, enter 5
  6. Then click “OK”
  7. For s chart and X-bar chart, follow the above step

Definition and more details of SQC with examples are posted in Blackboard, Unit Two/Supplement, Minitab/SQC.

***********************************

Calculate your order
Pages (275 words)
Standard price: $0.00
Client Reviews
4.9
Sitejabber
4.6
Trustpilot
4.8
Our Guarantees
100% Confidentiality
Information about customers is confidential and never disclosed to third parties.
Original Writing
We complete all papers from scratch. You can get a plagiarism report.
Timely Delivery
No missed deadlines – 97% of assignments are completed in time.
Money Back
If you're confident that a writer didn't follow your order details, ask for a refund.

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00
Power up Your Academic Success with the
Team of Professionals. We’ve Got Your Back.
Power up Your Study Success with Experts We’ve Got Your Back.